Soft Tissue Graft

There are times that periodontal disease alters your tooth and gum structure permanently.  Patients who have had advanced gum disease often have enlarged gum pockets.  It is possible that these pockets are merely cosmetic in nature and would only affect the appearance of your gums.  The more common case, however, is that these pockets leave your teeth and gums more susceptible to diseases because they can harbor plaque and bacteria.  Pocket reduction surgery is meant to prevent further damage and reestablish your overall oral health.

Periodontal surgery is used as a means of entry to the root, so that damaged areas can be cleaned.  The damaged areas are removed but this often leaves a pocket between the gum and the tooth.  Even if the gums return to their original position, the pocket can remain.  This would require more frequent cleanings because patients can’t properly clean them with normal flossing and brushing.  After the initial swelling from a periodontal treatment has lessened, the dentist will suture the gum to where the bone has resorbed.  The objective is to make an area large enough for normal at home cleaning to reach, but small enough to not be an area for plaque and bacteria to gather.

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